宜尔子孙承承兮的意思“梦想如马”和“中国价格”引领世界不再遥远|未来新浪财经

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    经过30多年的探索,我国期货市场实现了跨越式发展。中国期货市场自在国内成立以来,在国际市场上的影响力显著增强。特别是世界上一些独特的期货,随着它们的逐渐成熟,在国际市场上发挥着越来越重要的作用,并成为“中国价格”出口的有力代表。近年来,国内商品期货交易所的创新能力不断提升,市场功能作用不断深化,服务实体经济能力逐步提高,力争成为世界领先的风险管理平台和世界知名的商品定价中心。现在,离这个目标不远。2018年11月30日9点,世界瞩目的焦点集中在中国新期货市场的发源地郑州,以及世界上独一无二的PTA期货的国际化正式启动。这标志着世界上唯一的PTA期货真正走出国门,走向世界。这只是开始,未来世界将会有更多的未来。“中国价格”的影响力在不断上升。从最初的“跟随”到后来的“展现出自己的特点”,再到现在影响乃至引领世界,近30年来,中国期货市场的价格在国际市场上的影响力越来越大,一些期货价格甚至成为全球贸易的参考基准。1990年10月12日,引入期货交易机制的中国郑州粮食批发市场正式开放,中国期货市场正式启动。由于制度建设不完善、投资观念不成熟、参与者结构不合理等因素的影响,过度市场交易频繁发生,非法经纪行为屡禁不止,国内期货市场经历了七年的清理整顿。由于起步较晚,大部分商品期货的研究开发都是借鉴国外成熟市场的经验,相关的规则和制度也借鉴了国际成熟市场的做法。自2000年以来,我国期货市场已进入稳定发展阶段。期货交易所决心取得进步和创新。结合我国国情和现实,不断优化合同设计,完善交易规则,积极研究开发新品种,逐步建立商品期货品种基本制度。虽然当时基本商品期货品种体系已经建立,但CME和ICE等海外交易所仍然主导着全球商品价格,国内一些期货品种的价格往往跟随外部市场的波动。新湖期货董事长马文生对期货日报解释说,造成这种情况的主要原因是当时国内期货和衍生品市场发展不足。全球商品贸易主要以期货价格为基础,但价格权掌握在大型外国企业、对冲基金和投资银行手中。虽然中国是许多商品的主要消费国,但国内企业在商品贸易谈判中往往处于不利地位。宝成期货总经理润昌妈妈说,2001年中国加入WTO后,城市化和工业化叠加的开放红利加速,中国对散装工业原料的需求日益增加。然而,进口依赖度高的铁矿石和石油等原材料主要集中在力拓、必和必拓、淡水河谷和欧佩克成员国手中。高盛(Goldman Sachs)和花旗集团(Citigroup)等大型投资银行在定价方面有很强的发言权。在与外国投资者的年度谈判中,中国企业往往处于弱势地位。中国融入世界后,许多外向型产业对商品价格尤其敏感。特别是与人民生活密切相关的能源、资源、粮食价格的急剧波动,对国内企业的经营和人民生活产生了巨大的影响。润昌妈妈说,这让国内期货业感受到了加快中国期货市场建设的紧迫性和使命感。经过一段时间的稳步发展,国内期货市场的相关制度和交易规则不断完善,投资者结构更加合理,新品种上市,产业链风险管理的需求进一步得到满足,国内期货市场价格进一步上涨。逐渐摆脱了“跟随者”的角色,开始呈现出自己的特点,对国际物价产生了不同程度的影响。在国内期货市场中,反映国内现货供需的铜等商品期货不再盲目跟随外部市场,甚至开始影响全球商品价格的波动。润昌妈妈说。2006年12月,世界独一无二的PTA期货在郑州商交所上市交易。它是我国自主开发的、适合国内经济及产业特点的独特期货产品。中国PTA生产、消费和进口均居世界第一。此外,从当时PTA市场的发展趋势来看,全球PTA生产和消费的增长主要集中在中国。郑州招商局推出的PTA期货具有良好的现货市场基础和优势。当时,在国际市场上,除了传统的天然纤维期货,没有新的纤维期货,也没有新的纺织期货。由于期货定价已基本应用于国际商品贸易,PTA期货在中国上市填补了国际期货市场的空白,引起了全球纤维和期货领域的广泛关注。自2007年以来,国内期货交易所根据国内现货市场的实际情况和工业需求,自主开发并设计了一批具有中国特色的期货,为相关行业提供价格发现和风险规避工具,为决策部门提供权威的价格信号。随着PTA期货的成熟,其对上下游产品价格的影响逐渐显现。PTA期货价格与上游PX现货价格相关系数为0.8,PTA期货价格与下游涤纶长丝、短纤维价格相关系数为0.9。在国内市场上,以预期价格加减折扣为基础的期货现货价格交易在PTA现货交易中较为普遍。在国际市场上,作为世界上唯一的PTA期货,其对上下游产品定价的影响也越来越大。成熟的PTA期货市场给世界对中国聚酯工业带来了新的认识。除了“编织”在中国,还有“中国价格”作为全球聚酯行业的风向标。PTA期货的价格越来越受到海外相关企业的关注,许多海外企业都在呼吁更多地参与PTA期货。PTA期货为我国聚酯行业的定价和风险管理提供了一个很好的工具,但在国外市场上还没有这种期货产品。意大利GSI中国区经理徐志英说,海外企业和机构希望PTA期货能够对外开放,以满足他们的业务需求。以优势产业为依托,引入外贸商参与全球PTA期货,不仅可以进一步增强PTA期货价格在国际市场的影响力,而且可以为相关全球企业在国际贸易中提供定价和风险管理工具,从而推动中国成为全球性原则。聚酯产品中心。郑州商学院总经理熊军告诉期货日报。甲醇期货发挥着与PTA期货同样的作用,增强了“中国价格”在国际市场的影响力。中国是世界上最大的甲醇生产国和消费国。郑尚硕是世界上唯一的甲醇期货衍生交易所。近年来,随着甲醇期货市场的成熟,甲醇期货价格在国际贸易中的影响逐渐显现。港口地区大部分甲醇进口商都参与期货市场进行套期保值。国际市场上的甲醇供销商也十分关注,甚至开始尝试参与中国的甲醇期货交易。中国甲醇期货价格的国际影响力日益增强。熊军是这么说的。此外,国内期货交易所已经开发并推出了一系列具有适合国内经济和行业实际特点的期货,如钢材期货、焦炭期货、铁矿石期货、电力煤炭期货等,有效填补了黑色产业柴柴风险管理工具的空白。此外,铜、铝、铅、锌、天然橡胶、大豆、棉花、玉米、食糖等与国际市场紧密联系的期货品种也经历了多次合同规则和制度的优化和完善,企业的参与度不断提高,甚至吸引了大批订货商。海外企业。新期货产品的上市将有利于其背后的相关现货产业链。“以铁矿石期货为例,马文生说,近几年来,由于供应方结构改革的不断推进,钢厂的经营状况有了很大改善。钢铁价格上涨,而铁矿石价格涨幅小于钢铁。上下游之间的价格差距扩大了,钢铁厂的利润也提高了。没有铁矿石期货,铁矿石贸易的定价仍将掌握在国际矿山手中。马文胜说,现实情况是,在大企业适时推出铁矿石期货后,国际铁矿石贸易的定价中心已悄悄转移到中国,“中国的基本面是全球铁矿石需求的基本面”。不可否认,近年来,随着世界独特期货的成熟和我国独特期货品种的不断丰富,中国期货市场不断向全球市场输出“中国价格”。期货市场的国际化促进了经济的高质量发展。国内期货市场30年来的成就令人鼓舞。同时,这一过程也是一面镜子,为我国期货市场未来的改革和发展提供了经验和教训。中国期货市场价格对国际市场的影响已从无到有,从小到大,从影响世界到引领世界,这是近年来中国期货市场不断改善和发展的结果,也是中国期货市场积极与国际接轨的结果。世界,走向世界,拥抱世界。润昌妈妈说,这与近年来中国独特期货的日益成熟密切相关,如PTA期货、甲醇期货、煤焦钢期货、LLDPE期货、PP期货、PVC期货和苹果期货,这些期货在海外期货市场是买不到的。一方面,这些期货促进了中国期货市场的成长和发展,并建立了全球定价基准。另一方面,这些期货背后的产业,无论是在规模上还是在贸易上,都具有相对优势。国际市场上没有相关的期货,不能满足国内外相关行业企业的风险管理需要。这些由中国设计和推出的期货产品,有效地填补了国际市场在这方面的空白。润昌妈妈说。过去,由于中国在国际商品贸易定价中的声音很弱,经常会出现“买什么涨什么”的问题,中国独特的期货品种可以使中国通过期货市场向世界出口“中国价格”。期货市场国际化是金融市场开放的重要组成部分,也是金融市场开放的大趋势。随着中国商品期货对外开放的不断深入,中国在全球商品定价中的声音将进一步增强。熊军告诉期货日报,郑商学院将进一步促进其国际化,积极“引进”PTA期货,并在PTA期货国际化的基础上,促进甲醇等具体品种对外开放,引进外贸商。近年来,国内期货市场交易品种不断丰富,形成了“五纵六横”的产品体系。未来我国期货市场品种体系将进一步丰富和完善,“中国价格”对全球商品市场的影响将越来越大。马文生说,在今天的全球经济一体化中,中国作为主要的商品消费国,将逐步增强其在国际商品领域的定价话语权,这将对未来的经济发展大有裨益。”中国期货市场正在构建的全面开放的新格局,将推动更多的期货品种走向世界,使它们服务于同一个全球产业链。主编:吴华章

jing guo 30 duo nian de tan suo, wo guo qi huo shi chang shi xian le kua yue shi fa zhan. zhong guo qi huo shi chang zi zai guo nei cheng li yi lai, zai guo ji shi chang shang de ying xiang li xian zhu zeng qiang. te bie shi shi jie shang yi xie du te de qi huo, sui zhe ta men de zhu jian cheng shu, zai guo ji shi chang shang fa hui zhe yue lai yue zhong yao de zuo yong, bing cheng wei" zhong guo jia ge" chu kou de you li dai biao. jin nian lai, guo nei shang pin qi huo jiao yi suo de chuang xin neng li bu duan ti sheng, shi chang gong neng zuo yong bu duan shen hua, fu wu shi ti jing ji neng li zhu bu ti gao, li zheng cheng wei shi jie ling xian de feng xian guan li ping tai he shi jie zhi ming de shang pin ding jia zhong xin. xian zai, li zhe ge mu biao bu yuan. 2018 nian 11 yue 30 ri 9 dian, shi jie zhu mu di jiao dian ji zhong zai zhong guo xin qi huo shi chang de fa yuan di zheng zhou, yi ji shi jie shang du yi wu er de PTA qi huo de guo ji hua zheng shi qi dong. zhe biao zhi zhe shi jie shang wei yi de PTA qi huo zhen zheng zou chu guo men, zou xiang shi jie. zhe zhi shi kai shi, wei lai shi jie jiang hui you geng duo de wei lai." zhong guo jia ge" de ying xiang li zai bu duan shang sheng. cong zui chu de" gen sui" dao hou lai de" zhan xian chu zi ji de te dian", zai dao xian zai ying xiang nai zhi yin ling shi jie, jin 30 nian lai, zhong guo qi huo shi chang de jia ge zai guo ji shi chang shang de ying xiang li yue lai yue da, yi xie qi huo jia ge shen zhi cheng wei quan qiu mao yi de can kao ji zhun. 1990 nian 10 yue 12 ri, yin ru qi huo jiao yi ji zhi de zhong guo zheng zhou liang shi pi fa shi chang zheng shi kai fang, zhong guo qi huo shi chang zheng shi qi dong. you yu zhi du jian she bu wan shan tou zi guan nian bu cheng shu can yu zhe jie gou bu he li deng yin su de ying xiang, guo du shi chang jiao yi pin fan fa sheng, fei fa jing ji xing wei lv jin bu zhi, guo nei qi huo shi chang jing li le qi nian de qing li zheng dun. you yu qi bu jiao wan, da bu fen shang pin qi huo de yan jiu kai fa dou shi jie jian guo wai cheng shu shi chang de jing yan, xiang guan de gui ze he zhi du ye jie jian le guo ji cheng shu shi chang de zuo fa. zi 2000 nian yi lai, wo guo qi huo shi chang yi jin ru wen ding fa zhan jie duan. qi huo jiao yi suo jue xin qu de jin bu he chuang xin. jie he wo guo guo qing he xian shi, bu duan you hua he tong she ji, wan shan jiao yi gui ze, ji ji yan jiu kai fa xin pin zhong, zhu bu jian li shang pin qi huo pin zhong ji ben zhi du. sui ran dang shi ji ben shang pin qi huo pin zhong ti xi yi jing jian li, dan CME he ICE deng hai wai jiao yi suo reng ran zhu dao zhe quan qiu shang pin jia ge, guo nei yi xie qi huo pin zhong de jia ge wang wang gen sui wai bu shi chang de bo dong. xin hu qi huo dong shi zhang ma wen sheng dui qi huo ri bao jie shi shuo, zao cheng zhe zhong qing kuang de zhu yao yuan yin shi dang shi guo nei qi huo he yan sheng pin shi chang fa zhan bu zu. quan qiu shang pin mao yi zhu yao yi qi huo jia ge wei ji chu, dan jia ge quan zhang wo zai da xing wai guo qi ye dui chong ji jin he tou zi yin hang shou zhong. sui ran zhong guo shi xu duo shang pin de zhu yao xiao fei guo, dan guo nei qi ye zai shang pin mao yi tan pan zhong wang wang chu yu bu li di wei. bao cheng qi huo zong jing li run chang ma ma shuo, 2001 nian zhong guo jia ru WTO hou, cheng shi hua he gong ye hua die jia de kai fang hong li jia su, zhong guo dui san zhuang gong ye yuan liao de xu qiu ri yi zeng jia. ran er, jin kou yi lai du gao de tie kuang shi he shi you deng yuan cai liao zhu yao ji zhong zai li tuo bi huo bi tuo dan shui he gu he ou pei ke cheng yuan guo shou zhong. gao sheng Goldman Sachs he hua qi ji tuan Citigroup deng da xing tou zi yin hang zai ding jia fang mian you hen qiang de fa yan quan. zai yu wai guo tou zi zhe de nian du tan pan zhong, zhong guo qi ye wang wang chu yu ruo shi di wei. zhong guo rong ru shi jie hou, xu duo wai xiang xing chan ye dui shang pin jia ge you qi min gan. te bie shi yu ren min sheng huo mi qie xiang guan de neng yuan zi yuan liang shi jia ge de ji ju bo dong, dui guo nei qi ye de jing ying he ren min sheng huo chan sheng le ju da de ying xiang. run chang ma ma shuo, zhe rang guo nei qi huo ye gan shou dao le jia kuai zhong guo qi huo shi chang jian she de jin po xing he shi ming gan. jing guo yi duan shi jian de wen bu fa zhan, guo nei qi huo shi chang de xiang guan zhi du he jiao yi gui ze bu duan wan shan, tou zi zhe jie gou geng jia he li, xin pin zhong shang shi, chan ye lian feng xian guan li de xu qiu jin yi bu de dao man zu, guo nei qi huo shi chang jia ge jin yi bu shang zhang. zhu jian bai tuo le" gen sui zhe" de jue se, kai shi cheng xian chu zi ji de te dian, dui guo ji wu jia chan sheng liao bu tong cheng du de ying xiang. zai guo nei qi huo shi chang zhong, fan ying guo nei xian huo gong xu de tong deng shang pin qi huo bu zai mang mu gen sui wai bu shi chang, shen zhi kai shi ying xiang quan qiu shang pin jia ge de bo dong. run chang ma ma shuo. 2006 nian 12 yue, shi jie du yi wu er de PTA qi huo zai zheng zhou shang jiao suo shang shi jiao yi. ta shi wo guo zi zhu kai fa de shi he guo nei jing ji ji chan ye te dian de du te qi huo chan pin. zhong guo PTA sheng chan xiao fei he jin kou jun ju shi jie di yi. ci wai, cong dang shi PTA shi chang de fa zhan qu shi lai kan, quan qiu PTA sheng chan he xiao fei de zeng zhang zhu yao ji zhong zai zhong guo. zheng zhou zhao shang ju tui chu de PTA qi huo ju you liang hao de xian huo shi chang ji chu he you shi. dang shi, zai guo ji shi chang shang, chu le chuan tong de tian ran xian wei qi huo, mei you xin de xian wei qi huo, ye mei you xin de fang zhi qi huo. you yu qi huo ding jia yi ji ben ying yong yu guo ji shang pin mao yi, PTA qi huo zai zhong guo shang shi tian bu le guo ji qi huo shi chang de kong bai, yin qi le quan qiu xian wei he qi huo ling yu de guang fan guan zhu. zi 2007 nian yi lai, guo nei qi huo jiao yi suo gen ju guo nei xian huo shi chang de shi ji qing kuang he gong ye xu qiu, zi zhu kai fa bing she ji le yi pi ju you zhong guo te se de qi huo, wei xiang guan hang ye ti gong jia ge fa xian he feng xian gui bi gong ju, wei jue ce bu men ti gong quan wei de jia ge xin hao. sui zhe PTA qi huo de cheng shu, qi dui shang xia you chan pin jia ge de ying xiang zhu jian xian xian. PTA qi huo jia ge yu shang you PX xian huo jia ge xiang guan xi shu wei 0. 8, PTA qi huo jia ge yu xia you di lun zhang si duan xian wei jia ge xiang guan xi shu wei 0. 9. zai guo nei shi chang shang, yi yu qi jia ge jia jian zhe kou wei ji chu de qi huo xian huo jia ge jiao yi zai PTA xian huo jiao yi zhong jiao wei pu bian. zai guo ji shi chang shang, zuo wei shi jie shang wei yi de PTA qi huo, qi dui shang xia you chan pin ding jia de ying xiang ye yue lai yue da. cheng shu de PTA qi huo shi chang gei shi jie dui zhong guo ju zhi gong ye dai lai le xin de ren shi. chu le" bian zhi" zai zhong guo, hai you" zhong guo jia ge" zuo wei quan qiu ju zhi hang ye de feng xiang biao. PTA qi huo de jia ge yue lai yue shou dao hai wai xiang guan qi ye de guan zhu, xu duo hai wai qi ye dou zai hu yu geng duo di can yu PTA qi huo. PTA qi huo wei wo guo ju zhi hang ye de ding jia he feng xian guan li ti gong le yi ge hen hao de gong ju, dan zai guo wai shi chang shang hai mei you zhe zhong qi huo chan pin. yi da li GSI zhong guo qu jing li xu zhi ying shuo, hai wai qi ye he ji gou xi wang PTA qi huo neng gou dui wai kai fang, yi man zu ta men de ye wu xu qiu. yi you shi chan ye wei yi tuo, yin ru wai mao shang shen yu quan qiu PTA qi huo, bu jin ke yi jin yi bu zeng qiang PTA qi huo jia ge zai guo ji shi chang de ying xiang li, er qie ke yi wei xiang guan quan qiu qi ye zai guo ji mao yi zhong ti gong ding jia he feng xian guan li gong ju, cong er tui dong zhong guo cheng wei quan qiu xing yuan ze. ju zhi chan pin zhong xin. zheng zhou shang xue yuan zong jing li xiong jun gao su qi huo ri bao. jia chun qi huo fa hui zhe yu PTA qi huo tong yang de zuo yong, zeng qiang le" zhong guo jia ge" zai guo ji shi chang de ying xiang li. zhong guo shi shi jie shang zui da de jia chun sheng chan guo he xiao fei guo. zheng shang shuo shi shi jie shang wei yi de jia chun qi huo yan sheng jiao yi suo. jin nian lai, sui zhe jia chun qi huo shi chang de cheng shu, jia chun qi huo jia ge zai guo ji mao yi zhong de ying xiang zhu jian xian xian. gang kou di qu da bu fen jia chun jin kou shang du can yu qi huo shi chang jin xing tao qi bao zhi. guo ji shi chang shang de jia chun gong xiao shang ye shi fen guan zhu, shen zhi kai shi chang shi can yu zhong guo de jia chun qi huo jiao yi. zhong guo jia chun qi huo jia ge de guo ji ying xiang li ri yi zeng qiang. xiong jun shi zhe me shuo de. ci wai, guo nei qi huo jiao yi suo yi jing kai fa bing tui chu le yi xi lie ju you shi he guo nei jing ji he hang ye shi ji te dian de qi huo, ru gang cai qi huo jiao tan qi huo tie kuang shi qi huo dian li mei tan qi huo deng, you xiao tian bu le hei se chan ye chai chai feng xian guan li gong ju de kong bai. ci wai, tong lv qian xin tian ran xiang jiao da dou mian hua yu mi shi tang deng yu guo ji shi chang jin mi lian xi de qi huo pin zhong ye jing li le duo ci he tong gui ze he zhi du de you hua he wan shan, qi ye de can yu du bu duan ti gao, shen zhi xi yin le da pi ding huo shang. hai wai qi ye. xin qi huo chan pin de shang shi jiang you li yu qi bei hou de xiang guan xian huo chan ye lian." yi tie kuang shi qi huo wei li, ma wen sheng shuo, jin ji nian lai, you yu gong ying fang jie gou gai ge de bu duan tui jin, gang chang de jing ying zhuang kuang you le hen da gai shan. gang tie jia ge shang zhang, er tie kuang shi jia ge zhang fu xiao yu gang tie. shang xia you zhi jian de jia ge cha ju kuo da le, gang tie chang de li run ye ti gao le. mei you tie kuang shi qi huo, tie kuang shi mao yi de ding jia reng jiang zhang wo zai guo ji kuang shan shou zhong. ma wen sheng shuo, xian shi qing kuang shi, zai da qi ye shi shi tui chu tie kuang shi qi huo hou, guo ji tie kuang shi mao yi de ding jia zhong xin yi qiao qiao zhuan yi dao zhong guo," zhong guo de ji ben mian shi quan qiu tie kuang shi xu qiu de ji ben mian". bu ke fou ren, jin nian lai, sui zhe shi jie du te qi huo de cheng shu he wo guo du te qi huo pin zhong de bu duan feng fu, zhong guo qi huo shi chang bu duan xiang quan qiu shi chang shu chu" zhong guo jia ge". qi huo shi chang de guo ji hua cu jin le jing ji de gao zhi liang fa zhan. guo nei qi huo shi chang 30 nian lai de cheng jiu ling ren gu wu. tong shi, zhe yi guo cheng ye shi yi mian jing zi, wei wo guo qi huo shi chang wei lai de gai ge he fa zhan ti gong le jing yan he jiao xun. zhong guo qi huo shi chang jia ge dui guo ji shi chang de ying xiang yi cong wu dao you, cong xiao dao da, cong ying xiang shi jie dao yin ling shi jie, zhe shi jin nian lai zhong guo qi huo shi chang bu duan gai shan he fa zhan de jie guo, ye shi zhong guo qi huo shi chang ji ji yu guo ji jie gui de jie guo. shi jie, zou xiang shi jie, yong bao shi jie. run chang ma ma shuo, zhe yu jin nian lai zhong guo du te qi huo de ri yi cheng shu mi qie xiang guan, ru PTA qi huo jia chun qi huo mei jiao gang qi huo LLDPE qi huo PP qi huo PVC qi huo he ping guo qi huo, zhei xie qi huo zai hai wai qi huo shi chang shi mai bu dao de. yi fang mian, zhei xie qi huo cu jin le zhong guo qi huo shi chang de cheng zhang he fa zhan, bing jian li le quan qiu ding jia ji zhun. ling yi fang mian, zhei xie qi huo bei hou de chan ye, wu lun shi zai gui mo shang hai shi zai mao yi shang, dou ju you xiang dui you shi. guo ji shi chang shang mei you xiang guan de qi huo, bu neng man zu guo nei wai xiang guan hang ye qi ye de feng xian guan li xu yao. zhei xie you zhong guo she ji he tui chu de qi huo chan pin, you xiao di tian bu le guo ji shi chang zai zhe fang mian di kong bai. run chang ma ma shuo. guo qu, you yu zhong guo zai guo ji shang pin mao yi ding jia zhong de sheng yin hen ruo, jing chang hui chu xian" mai shen me zhang shen me" de wen ti, zhong guo du te de qi huo pin zhong ke yi shi zhong guo tong guo qi huo shi chang xiang shi jie chu kou" zhong guo jia ge". qi huo shi chang guo ji hua shi jin rong shi chang kai fang de zhong yao zu cheng bu fen, ye shi jin rong shi chang kai fang de da qu shi. sui zhe zhong guo shang pin qi huo dui wai kai fang de bu duan shen ru, zhong guo zai quan qiu shang pin ding jia zhong de sheng yin jiang jin yi bu zeng qiang. xiong jun gao su qi huo ri bao, zheng shang xue yuan jiang jin yi bu cu jin qi guo ji hua, ji ji" yin jin" PTA qi huo, bing zai PTA qi huo guo ji hua de ji chu shang, cu jin jia chun deng ju ti pin zhong dui wai kai fang, yin jin wai mao shang. jin nian lai, guo nei qi huo shi chang jiao yi pin zhong bu duan feng fu, xing cheng le" wu zong liu heng" de chan pin ti xi. wei lai wo guo qi huo shi chang pin zhong ti xi jiang jin yi bu feng fu he wan shan," zhong guo jia ge" dui quan qiu shang pin shi chang de ying xiang jiang yue lai yue da. ma wen sheng shuo, zai jin tian de quan qiu jing ji yi ti hua zhong, zhong guo zuo wei zhu yao de shang pin xiao fei guo, jiang zhu bu zeng qiang qi zai guo ji shang pin ling yu de ding jia hua yu quan, zhe jiang dui wei lai de jing ji fa zhan da you bi yi." zhong guo qi huo shi chang zheng zai gou jian de quan mian kai fang de xin ge ju, jiang tui dong geng duo de qi huo pin zhong zou xiang shi jie, shi ta men fu wu yu tong yi ge quan qiu chan ye lian. zhu bian: wu hua zhang

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